Chapter 6 - Seedling and Stand Establishment

Previous chapters of this manual considered the questions: “When is seeding appropriate?” and “what species might be suitable for seeding given various regional site conditions and objectives”? This chapter looks at the details of successful seedling and stand establishment. This information is critical for rangeland seeding in British Columbia, where management contexts and site conditions are highly variable.
Key factors and the stages of seedling and stand establishment are summarized in Figure 6.1. The interaction between the seed and the soil surface is critically important in the first three stages of this process: (1) seed application; (2) pre-germination, and (3) germination.
Chapter Table of Contents
Page | Heading
117 Chapter 6. Seedling and Stand Establishment
119 Seed-to-Soil Contact
120 Seeding Methods
122 Broadcast Seeding Methods
123 Drilled or Direct Seeding Methods
124 Specialized Seeding Methods
124 Timing of Seeding
125 Seed Depth
127 Mixtures and Calculations
128 Inoculants for Legumes
129 Seeding Rates and Calibration
129 Pure Live Seed and Desired Plant Density
130 Seed Weights
131 Calibration
133 Pre-germination Issues
134 Seedling Establishment
134 Stand Establishment
134 Weed Control
135 Soil Fertility
136 Grazing
137 Mechanical Treatments
138 Chapter 6 Notess